Please select a theme.

Trends & statistics

At national level, data collection on homelessness is developing rapidly in most EU countries, allowing for better homeless policies, monitoring and measurement.

FEANTSA seeks to improve the available data on homelessness, maintaining that the nature and extent of homelessness must be known if governments are to make progress towards ending it.

FEANTSA has developed a European Typology of Homelessness and housing exclusion (ETHOS) as a means of improving understanding and measurement of homelessness in Europe, and to provide a common "language" for transnational exchanges on homelessness.

Each year, FEANTSA members compile data on homelessness and homeless policies in each of the EU member states. You can view them here.

To receive more information about the work of FEANTSA in this area, please contact Ruth Owen.


Employment

Access to the labour market plays a fundamental role for the social integration and personal fulfilment of an individual. The lack or loss of employment is often a trigger factor that leads to homelessness. For people experiencing homelessness, reintegration into employment is crucial in order to move out of poverty and social exclusion. It helps in establishing a social network, gaining experience, improving skills, developing self-esteem and moving towards financial independence.

To receive more information about the work of FEANTSA in this area, please contact Robbie Stakelum.


Women’s homelessness

Research shows that the causes and consequences of homelessness and housing exclusion can vary considerably when analysed from a gender perspective. For example violence against women is a significant cause of women becoming homeless and while homeless many women are the victims of gender based violence. Women frequently engage with homeless services in a very different manner from their male counterparts. Therefore it’s important that policy makers take account of the gender specific needs of homeless women.

To receive more information about the work of FEANTSA in this area, please contact Dalma Fabian.

Health

Unsurprisingly being homeless has a significant impact on your health. People who are homeless face enormous barriers and obstacles to accessing healthcare which results in an average age of death of 43 for women and 47 for men. The major factors impacting on the health of a homeless people are i) poor physical health, ii) poor mental health and iii) substance misuse. These tri-morbidity factors arise from the poor quality of life from living on the street or in shelters and the mental strain and anxiety resulting from rough sleeping.

The Health and Homelessness Newsletter

FEANTSA’s regularly shares health and homelessness-related news and resources (inc reports, articles, toolkits etc), which you can access here. If you would like to contribute or subscribe to this newsletter, please contact Dalma Fabian.

Working Group

FEANTSA coordinates a Working Group on Health comprising experts from FEANTSA’s membership working on health and homelessness.

To receive more information about the work of FEANTSA in this area, please contact Dalma Fabian.

Housing

Lack of affordable, accessible and secure housing of adequate quality is a defining feature of homelessness. In order to tackle homelessness, it is therefore necessary to understand the central role of housing as a pathway into and out of homelessness. The right to housing is one of the most basic human rights ensuring human dignity. Access to housing is also a precondition for the exercise of many other fundamental rights. Combating and progressively eliminating homelessness therefore involves the realisation of housing rights.

FEANTSA works on a range of housing issues, including the role of housing markets in generating and combating homelessness, housing rights, the housing needs of homeless people, the role of neighbouring sectors such as social housing, and the overall role of housing as part of solutions to homelessness.

Working Group

FEANTSA coordinates a Working Group on Housing comprising experts from FEANTSA’s membership working specifically on housing and homelessness. 

To receive more information about the work of FEANTSA in this area, please contact Ruth Owen.

Migration

Immigrants make up an increasing proportion of the clients of homeless services. This issue not only concerns third country nationals but also EU citizens exercising their right to freedom of movement who appear as a significant proportion of the homeless population in many metropolitan centres.

The main factors linking migration to homelessness are: legal status – i.e. the right to social or public sector housing, to social protection, to work and to access homelessness services (which in a number of Member States is denied to non-nationals or undocumented migrants); ethnicity – i.e. discrimination when trying to access the housing market; and institutional factors – i.e. restrictions on new admissions of migrant workers and non-renewal of work permits.

FEANTSA believes that migration policies should pay more attention to housing exclusion and that the debate about access to emergency accommodation regardless of status should be strengthened.

Working Group

FEANTSA coordinates a Working Group on Migration comprising experts from FEANTSA’s membership in the area of migration and homelessness. 

To receive more information about the work of FEANTSA in this area, please contact Mauro Striano.

Participation

Participation is about recognising that people affected by homelessness have the right to have their opinions and perspectives heard; creating the structures to allow this perspective to be heard; acting on what is being said; and feeding back to people on the impact that their participation has had.

Participation is a way of appreciating the experiences of people who have a unique insight into the services we run and the policies we make. By taking account of this experience, the quality and effectiveness of services and policies will improve. The participation of excluded and homeless groups makes decision and policy-making more open and democratic, respects human rights and creates an empowering environment for people who are marginalised.

Working Group

FEANTSA coordinates a Working Group on Participation comprising experts from FEANTSA’s membership in the area of participation and people with experience of homelessness. 

For more information about the work of FEANTSA in this area, please contact Mauro Striano.

Youth

At-risk youth or young people living in homelessness and the problems connected to this precarious situation need specific solutions, separate from the structures developed to aid homeless adults.  

In 2014, FEANTSA created FEANTSA Youth, an informal European network of young people aiming to prevent, reduce and end youth homelessness. 

To receive more information about the work of FEANTSA in this area, please contact Robbie Stakelum.